WELCOME to the European Union Minor Uses Database EUMUDA !

EUMUDA is an important tool to collect the minor use needs from Member States, to follow-up on these needs and to manage all projects.

This database plays a key role in finding chemical and/or non-chemical solutions for minor uses gaps, within an Integrated Pest Management framework.


What information can I find in EUMUDA ?

  • A compiled list of minor uses needs from Member States.
  • An overview of ongoing projects and their status.
  • A table of crop acreages.
  • Reference lists of what are considered "minor uses" in different Member States and minor uses useful links (by clicking on the map below).

Not all information on individual projects is accessible for everybody. Rules for confidentiality and access rights have been implemented and can be found here.

The guide for users of EUMUDA is available and can be found here. Comments can be sent to the MUCF at contact@minoruses.eu

Currently, the MUCF and Member States are in the process to populate EUMUDA with more data.








Austria

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


cultivation area : less than 10,000 ha



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


  • cultivation area : less than 10.000 ha
  • The authorization applied for is of public interest.
  • The intended application is in a crop that is important for Austria or can be carried out within the framework of regionally adapted forms of cultivation.
  • Uses against pests that cause significant damage only infrequently or in small limited areas (""minor uses"") even if plants are grown on a larger scale or the plant products are produced in larger quantities.

Belgium


Cyprus


Czech Republic

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


cultivation area : less than 10,000 ha



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


The national criteria for minor uses are following:
  • the growing area of the crop in the Czech Republic is less then 10,000 ha
  • the treated area in last three years was less than 10,000 ha per year
  • the occurrence of the harmful organism is irregular and the treatment is required less than once every three years; or
  • the plant protection product is usable in organic farming Major uses are anything else that does not belong to the criteria for minor uses.

Denmark

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Denmark provided a list of major crops - all other crops can be considered either as minor or not grown in the country


Estonia

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


National criteria to define a major / minor crop in Estonia:
Estonian Agriculture and Food Board updates the list of major and minor crops in Estonia according to the methodology proposed in a study carried out by Estonian Institute of Economic Research.
By this methodology major crops in Estonia are those which are grown on more than 1% of total utilised agricultural land of agricultural households, which production volume is bigger than 1% of total plant production volume of agricultural households and/or which average daily consumption rate per capita is higher than 7,5 grams. Crops that are not on the major crop list are all considered as minor use crops.


Finland

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Plant, which cultivation area is 8 000 ha or more, is major crop in Finland and plants, which growing area is under 8 000 ha are minor crops.
All crops cultivated in greenhouse and horticulture crops are minor crops because of minor growing area. Ground for this definition is whole cultivation area (2 300 000 ha). First checking has been, which plants are typical and are growing in large cultivation area. Grassland area is 800 000 ha and area for cereals is 1 000 000 ha. The rest 500 000 ha includes all other crops and all kind of fallow fields.

Additionally, a list of major crops and uses and criteria of minor crop has been discussed in Northern zone. Most of our major crops are same than in other countries in Nordic zone. Winter wheat and winter rye are major cereals sown in autumn in Finland, but other cereals sown in autumn are minor crops. Also oilseed crops sown in autumn are minor crops. Reasons for this are our geographical location, winter circumstances and short growing season.


France

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Major crops: the following criteria were used for classifying a crop or a product as 'major' in the EU:
  • Daily intake contribution > 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population) in GEMS Food Cluster Diet applicable to the concerned zone and relevant cultivation area (> 20 000 ha) and/or production (> 400 000 tonnes per year) in the zone or
  • Cultivation area > 20 000 ha and Production > 400 000 tonnes per year For the selection of major crops for the World zone (for import tolerances) only the following criterion is used:
  • Daily intake contribution > 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population) in at least one of the 4 GEMS Food Cluster Diets or the crop is major in one of the EU residue zones. 64
Minor crops: All crops not defined as ‘major crops’ according to the criteria outlined above. For the purpose of these guidelines, when applied to crops intended to be used as food, this term is used indistinguishably as “insignificant in diet”. However for crops used as feed, as alfalfa or pasture, the criteria for classification should be Cultivated area and Production.

For some crops, defined as major for residue, when the cultivation area is limited in France, it is considered as minor. In this case, the crop remains major for residues, but all uses are considered minor.
For example, for Kiwi (4 000 ha in France) is considered major in the South zone, so the crop is considered major, but all uses are minor is France => Number of residue trials for a major crop, but access to Article 51.


Germany

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Cultivation area < 10 000 ha



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


To grant a registration according to Art. 51 (including zonal applications and mutual recognition) we need to check if the use is minor and if it is in public interest.

Minor Use (Art. 51 (2) a)
  • Cultivation area < 10 000 ha in a minor crop or < 10 000 ha application area in a major crop or production < 400 000 tonnes per year or
  • Daily intake contribution < 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population).
    If a Use is not minor according to the above definition, this leads to the failure of the approval of this Use.
Public Interest (Art. 51 (2) c)
The following
  • a) the pest must be worthy of control in the crop,
  • b) there must be a minor use gap (no sufficient practicable non-chemical or chemical alternatives, taking into account the implementation of appropriate resistance management - i.e. usually the presence of 2-4 (in general at least 3) non-cross-resistant active substances are closing the gap,
  • c) the estimated profit expectation for the manufacturing company.
    The public interest is denied if sufficient or equivalent agents are available for use and/or the pest is not economically significant.
    An application with the same active ingredient in the same indication (the active ingredient is already approved in the indication applied for) is not in the public interest.
    The calculation of an economic benefit does not necessarily lead to the failure of the public interest but to the levying of charges. If case the urgency of the availability of the ppp for practice is demonstrated, the public interest criterion is considered to be met even if there is an expectation of profit.

Greece


Hungary

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Cultivation area < 6 000 ha - those crops which are (or in near future expectedly will be) cultivated on an area less than 6000 ha are considered as minor. These crops are listed in the Hungarian decree No. 89/2004 FVM (under renewal process).



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


All other uses not listed in the list of major uses provided by Hungary can be considered as minor

Ireland

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Ireland doesn't have a legal definition of what constitutes a major or minor crop. However if a crop is typically grown for a number of years where the area is in excess of 10,000ha the crop can be considered major. All other crops are considered minor.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


Ireland doesn't have a legal definition of major and minor uses. There is only a list of pests which would be typically considered a major use in major crops.

Italy

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


cultivation area below 20 000 hectares- plus some non-agricultural crops, such as forestries and ornamentals.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


  • Pest occurring on a minor crop
  • Pest occurring on a major crop, but with no substantial spread
  • Union quarantine pest according to Reg (UE) 2019/2072.

Latvia

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


cultivation area : less than 10,000 ha



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


All crops  and all uses in major crops below 10 000 ha are minor uses.

Lithuania

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


cultivation area : less than 5,000 ha - this could change in the future (less than 10,000 ha)



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


Plants (crops) with an area of less than 5000 ha in the last 3 years and listed in Minor crop/ uses list.
or
Restricted use of plant protection products within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 Article 3 (26) (b) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.

Luxembourg

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


no official list or major/minor crops or major/minor uses. no definition of these terms.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


no official list or major/minor crops or major/minor uses. no definition of these terms.

Malta


Netherlands

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


'Not widely grown'. Area limits have been set for this: for unprotected cultivation, the limit for a minor crop is 5000 hectares or less and for protected cultivation 1000 hectares or less. This results in the list of Minor Uses.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


If the crop production area is larger, then the ‘exceptional need’ criterion is assessed. These are uses that are not standard in crops that are widely grown, but are needed only under exceptional circumstances. The applicant must provide verifiable information about the nature and scope of the use. Based on the information provided, a recommendation is made about whether the application concerns a minor use.

Norway

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


The Norwegian Food Safety Authority defines minor use by giving an overview of major crops. Crops not mentioned in this list are regarded as minor. Crops that all together are cultivated on areas approximately larger than 2500 ha are regarded as major.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


According to the Norwegian regulation on plant protection products of May 6th 2015 nr. 455 section 3 and section 3 (26) a in regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market , “minor use” means use of a plant protection product in a particular Member State on plants or plant products which are: (a) not widely grown in that Member State; or (b) widely grown, to meet an exceptional plant protection need.

Poland

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Crops whose cultivation covers less than 2% of the agricultural area



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


Plants that are widely grown in the territory of the Republic of Poland (called as major crops) and harmful organisms/ diseases which are not often occurred on these plants

Portugal

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


Agricultural crops: crops acreage < 10 000 ha and or dietary intake < 7,5g/day Forest crops: acreage <30 000 ha


Romania


Slovakia

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


A minor or very minor crop; a minor crop is a crop grown on an area equal to or less than 10 000 ha; the value of the sown area obtained from the statistics of the previous calendar year shall be taken into account; a very minor crop is a crop grown on an area of less than 0,0035% or equal to 0,0035% of the total area of agricultural land; the value of the sown area and the total agricultural land obtained from the statistics of the previous calendar year shall be taken into account A major crop is a crop grown on an area more than 10 000 ha, which is priority for the country because of economic and agronomic value.


Slovenia


Spain


Sweden



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


Each application for Art. 51 is assessed individually and then it is decided whether the area of use is Minor or not at the moment.

Switzerland

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


The criteria refer mainly to the production area in Switzerland and differ between the crop groups:
  • Field crops < 1'000 ha = Minor Crop
  • Vegetables < 500 ha = Minor Crop
  • Fruits < 200 ha = Minor Crop
  • Berries
    Major crop: strawberry which represents 56% (proposed criterion: more than 40% of the total area)
    Minor crops: all other small fruit crops (criteria: less than 40% of the cultivated area)


United Kingdom

Minor crop definition and/or criteria


- Major UK crops are: grassland, barley, forage maize, oats, wheat, dry harvested field beans, oilseed rape, sugar beet and potatoes (other than seed).
- All other basic crops are considered minor.



Minor uses definition and/or criteria


- any crop other than a major crop (such as cereals (other than rye and triticale), oilseed rape, grassland, sugar beet, potato (other than seed), forage maize and beans dry harvested
- a major crop against a minor pest for which no practicable control measures are available
According to the CRD efficacy guidelines https://www.hse.gov.uk/pesticides/pesticides-registration/efficacy-guides/index.htm , all uses not in the spreadsheet could be considered minor.