The authorization applied for is of public interest.
The intended application is in a crop that is important for Austria or can be carried out within the framework of regionally adapted forms of cultivation.
Uses against pests that cause significant damage only infrequently or in small limited areas (""minor uses"") even if plants are grown on a larger scale or the plant products are produced in larger quantities.
National criteria to define a major / minor crop in Estonia:
Estonian Agriculture and Food Board updates the list of major and minor crops in Estonia according to the methodology proposed in a study carried out by Estonian Institute of Economic Research. By this methodology major crops in Estonia are those which are grown on more than 1% of total utilised agricultural land of agricultural households, which production volume is bigger than 1% of total plant production volume of agricultural households and/or which average daily consumption rate per capita is higher than 7,5 grams.
Crops that are not on the major crop list are all considered as minor use crops.
Plant, which cultivation area is 8 000 ha or more, is major crop in Finland and plants, which growing area is under 8 000 ha are minor crops. All crops cultivated in greenhouse and horticulture crops are minor crops because of minor growing area.
Ground for this definition is whole cultivation area (2 300 000 ha). First checking has been, which plants are typical and are growing in large cultivation area. Grassland area is 800 000 ha and area for cereals is 1 000 000 ha. The rest 500 000 ha includes all other crops and all kind of fallow fields.
Additionally, a list of major crops and uses and criteria of minor crop has been discussed in Northern zone. Most of our major crops are same than in other countries in Nordic zone. Winter wheat and winter rye are major cereals sown in autumn in Finland, but other cereals sown in autumn are minor crops. Also oilseed crops sown in autumn are minor crops. Reasons for this are our geographical location, winter circumstances and short growing season.
Major crops: the following criteria were used for classifying a crop or a product as 'major' in the EU:
Daily intake contribution > 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population) in GEMS Food Cluster Diet applicable to the concerned zone and relevant cultivation area (> 20 000 ha) and/or production (> 400 000 tonnes per year) in the zone
Cultivation area > 20 000 ha and Production > 400 000 tonnes per year
For the selection of major crops for the World zone (for import tolerances) only the following criterion is used:
Daily intake contribution > 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population) in at least one of the 4 GEMS Food Cluster Diets or the crop is major in one of the EU residue zones.
Minor crops: All crops not defined as ‘major crops’ according to the criteria outlined above. For the purpose of these guidelines, when applied to crops intended to be used as food, this term is used indistinguishably as “insignificant in diet”. However for crops used as feed, as alfalfa or pasture, the criteria for classification should be Cultivated area and Production.
For some crops, defined as major for residue, when the cultivation area is limited in France, it is considered as minor. In this case, the crop remains major for residues, but all uses are considered minor. For example, for Kiwi (4 000 ha in France) is considered major in the South zone, so the crop is considered major, but all uses are minor is France => Number of residue trials for a major crop, but access to Article 51.
To grant a registration according to Art. 51 (including zonal applications and mutual recognition) we need to check if the use is minor and if it is in public interest.
Minor Use (Art. 51 (2) a)
Cultivation area < 10 000 ha in a minor crop or < 10 000 ha application area in a major crop or production < 400 000 tonnes per year or
Daily intake contribution < 0.125 g/kg bw/day (mean daily consumption over the population).
If a Use is not minor according to the above definition, this leads to the failure of the approval of this Use.
Public Interest (Art. 51 (2) c)
a) the pest must be worthy of control in the crop,
b) there must be a minor use gap (no sufficient practicable non-chemical or chemical alternatives, taking into account the implementation of appropriate resistance management - i.e. usually the presence of 2-4 (in general at least 3) non-cross-resistant active substances are closing the gap,
c) the estimated profit expectation for the manufacturing company.
The public interest is denied if sufficient or equivalent agents are available for use and/or the pest is not economically significant.
An application with the same active ingredient in the same indication (the active ingredient is already approved in the indication applied for) is not in the public interest.
The calculation of an economic benefit does not necessarily lead to the failure of the public interest but to the levying of charges. If case the urgency of the availability of the ppp for practice is demonstrated, the public interest criterion is considered to be met even if there is an expectation of profit.
Cultivation area < 6 000 ha - those crops which are (or in near future expectedly will be) cultivated on an area less than 6000 ha are considered as minor. These crops are listed in the Hungarian decree No. 89/2004 FVM (under renewal process).
Ireland doesn't have a legal definition of what constitutes a major or minor crop. However if a crop is typically grown for a number of years where the area is in excess of 10,000ha the crop can be considered major. All other crops are considered minor.
Plants (crops) with an area of less than 5000 ha in the last 3 years and listed in Minor crop/ uses list.
Restricted use of plant protection products within the meaning of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006
Article 3 (26) (b) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.
'Not widely grown'. Area limits have been set for this: for unprotected cultivation, the limit for a minor crop is 5000 hectares or less and for protected cultivation 1000 hectares or less. This results in the list of Minor Uses.
If the crop production area is larger, then the ‘exceptional need’ criterion is assessed. These are uses that are not standard in crops that are widely grown, but are needed only under exceptional circumstances. The applicant must provide verifiable information about the nature and scope of the use. Based on the information provided, a recommendation is made about whether the application concerns a minor use.
The Norwegian Food Safety Authority defines minor use by giving an overview of major crops. Crops not mentioned in this list are regarded as minor.
Crops that all together are cultivated on areas approximately larger than 2500 ha are regarded as major.
According to the Norwegian regulation on plant protection products of May 6th 2015 nr. 455 section 3 and
section 3 (26) a in regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October
2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market , “minor use” means use of a plant
protection product in a particular Member State on plants or plant products which are:
(a) not widely grown in that Member State; or
(b) widely grown, to meet an exceptional plant protection need.
A minor or very minor crop; a minor crop is a crop grown on an area equal to or less than 10 000 ha; the value of the sown area obtained from the statistics of the previous calendar year shall be taken into account; a very minor crop is a crop grown on an area of less than 0,0035% or equal to 0,0035% of the total area of agricultural land; the value of the sown area and the total agricultural land obtained from the statistics of the previous calendar year shall be taken into account
A major crop is a crop grown on an area more than 10 000 ha, which is priority for the country because of economic and agronomic value.
- any crop other than a major crop (such as cereals (other than rye and triticale), oilseed rape, grassland, sugar beet, potato (other than seed), forage maize and beans dry harvested
- a major crop against a minor pest for which no practicable control measures are available
According to the CRD efficacy guidelines https://www.hse.gov.uk/pesticides/pesticides-registration/efficacy-guides/index.htm , all uses not in the spreadsheet could be considered minor.